AGRICULTURE AND CHEMICALIZATION
Kalichkin V.K., Pavlova A.I. On the issue of methods for assessing soil productivity
Kravtsov Yu.V. Long-term dynamic water regime of soils of Ishim steppe
PLANT GROWING AND BREEDING
Korobova L.N., Tanatova A.V. Response of soil microflora to long application of plant growing techniques differing in the level of intensification
Popova I.S. Tetraploid rye: increase in the number of germ pores in pollen
Nikolayeva M.Kh., Desyatkin R.V. Dynamics of species composition and productivity of alaas meadows in Central Yakutia
Deyeva V.S. Age of first calving and its relationship with productivity of cows
Chasovshchikova M.A. Milk producing ability of cows subject to genetic traits of blood
Gouriev I.P. Oymiakon population of Yakut horse
Zakonnova L.I. Selecting males as to biochemical characters in breeding of Belovskiy carp
Samandas A.M., Layshev K.A. Application of modern preparations to control blood-sucking insects of reindeers in Taimyr
Lukanina S.N. Effect of antioxidant thiophan on structure functional organization of intestines in rats under conditions of glucocorticoid load
Makeyev A.A. Comparative study of chondroprotective properties of antioxidant thiophan and ?-tocopherol on the experimental model of oxidative stress
MECHANIZATION AND ELECTRIFICATION
Nazarov N.N. Process flowsheet of engineering tool for applying bacterial preparation suspensions into soil
Guskov Yu.A. Substantiating parameters of swather for forming grass swaths of easy-to-ventilate structure
AUTOMATION, MODELING AND DATAWARE
Aleynikov A.F. Information technology for structure synthesis of operating principles of thermal signal converters
Filimonova N.G. Sectoral structure of agriculture in Krasnoyarsk Territory: state, trends, prospects
Ostrikov A.N., Vertyakov F.N. Investigating changes in the rate of fruit sauce evaporation in vacuum chamber
Gorokhova A.G., Chevychelov A.P., Korobkova T.S. Effect of fertilizers on the C vitamin content in black currant growing in frozen soil
OUR HEROES OF THE DAY
Ivan Fedorovich Khramtsov, Corresponding Member of Rosselkhozacademia, is 60 years old
Anatoly Dmitrievich Mukhachev is 75 years old
V.K. KALICHKIN, A.I. PAVLOVA
ON THE ISSUE OF METHODS FOR ASSESSING SOIL PRODUCTIVITY
There are set out the results of qualitative assessment of soils by means of the soil appraisal method and of the A.I. Yuzhakov expert method. A possibility has been considered to use the methods for assessing soil productivity by calculating the yielding capacity of agricultural crops.
Keywords: methods for assessing soil productivity, soil appraisal, yielding capacity, agricultural crops, GIS.
LONG-TERM DYNAMIC WATER REGIME OF SOILS OF ISHIM STEPPE
There are set out the results of studying many years’ dynamics of chernozem soils of Ishim steppe under conditions of dry farming.
Keywords: water regime, subsoil water, dry farming, steppe, chernozem soils, soil profile wetting, surface runoff.
L.N. KOROBOVA, A.V. TANATOVA
RESPONSE OF SOIL MICROFLORA TO LONG APPLICATION OF PLANT GROWING TECHNIQUES DIFFERING IN THE LEVEL OF INTENSIFICATION
There are set out the results of studying the directionality of microbiological processes in soil under long application of plant growing techniques differing in the level of intensification.
Keywords: soil microflora, extensive and intensive technologies, fertilizer application systems, plant protection agents, humification, soil fertility.
TETRAPLOID RYE: INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF GERM PORES IN POLLEN
The results of studying autotetraploid winter rye pollen in generations C-1 to C-11 are submitted. Possibilities of using pollen grains with the multiplied number of germ pores have been determined to reveal tetraploid plants from the experimental material.
Keywords: autotetraploid winter rye, polyploidy, pollen grains, germ pores.
M.KH. NIKOLAYEVA, R.V. DESYATKIN
DYNAMICS OF SPECIES COMPOSITION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF ALAAS MEADOWS IN CENTRAL YAKUTIA
There are presented the findings of long-term stationary investigations on evaluating the productivity of alaas meadows that occupy a considerable proportion of grasslands in Central Yakutia. The patterns of changing species composition and of the dynamics of alaas meadow’s above-ground biomass have been determined.
Keywords: alaas, haymaking, species composition, meadow productivity.
AGE OF FIRST CALVING AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS
The relationship of first-calving age and productivity in cows has been studied. The optimal terms of first calving have been determined that positively combines with the higher productivity.
Keywords: Black-and-White, first-calving age, productivity of cows, milk yield, fat content.
MILK PRODUCING ABILITY OF COWS SUBJECT TO GENETIC TRAITS OF BLOOD
The gene pool of Holstein cattle herd was analyzed as to blood groups in one of the breeding multiplication farms of Tyumen Region.
Keywords: cattle, Holstein, milk producing ability, gene pool, servicing bulls, antigenic factors of blood.
OYMIAKON POPULATION OF YAKUT HORSE
There are presented the results of investigating zootechnic and immunogenetic characters of Oymiakon horses of Yakut breed as compared with those of the Yana (Verkhoyana) type.
Keywords: Oymiakon horse population, types (ecotypes) of Yakut horse, horse conformation, transferrin, erythrocytic antigens.
SELECTING MALES AS TO BIOCHEMICAL CHARACTERS IN BREEDING OF BELOVSKIY CARP
There is described the method of forming two genetically distant lines of carp based barely on local unpedigreed stocks by means of the assortative and heterogeneous selection of males as to the albumin-transferrin complex of blood plasma.
Keywords: warmwater carp, males, lines, replacement brood stock, albumin-transferrin complex, genetic affinity.
A.M. SAMANDAS, K.A. LAYSHEV
APPLICATION OF MODERN PREPARATIONS TO CONTROL BLOOD-SUCKING INSECTS OF REINDEERS IN TAIMYR
There are given the data on investigating preparations of new generation to protect reindeers from blood-sucking insects. It has been established that the preparations UMOrep, AEROrep, EQUArep have a long-lasting effect, whereas the effectiveness of the insecticide Briz 25% have been found to be low.
Keywords: reindeer, blood-sucking insects, preparations UMOrep, AEROrep, EQUArep, Briz 25 %, repellent, insecticide.
EFFECT OF ANTIOXIDANT THIOPHAN ON STRUCTURE FUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF INTESTINES IN RATS UNDER CONDITIONS OF GLUCOCORTICOID LOAD
There has been studied the influence of the synthetic antioxidant thiophan on the morphofunctional organization of the small and large intestines in rats under conditions of glucocorticoidinduced oxidative stress. It has been established that the antioxidant thiophan affects reducing the oxidative stress parameters and renders the protective effect on the cells and intercellular substance of the intestines.
Keywords: oxidative stress, antioxidant thiophan, glucocorticoids, antioxidants, small intestines, large intestines.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHONDROPROTECTIVE PROPERTIES OF ANTIOXIDANT THIOPHAN AND ?-TOCOPHEROL ON THE EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF OXIDATIVE STRESS
There are set out the results of comparative study of the antioxidant effect of thiophan and ?-tocopherol on the model of oxidative stress in rats caused by prednisolone. It has been established that the antioxidant thiophan has a protective effect on cells and matrix of the vertebral body’s growth plate under conditions of prednisolone load.
Keywords: free radical lipid peroxidation, antioxidant thiophan, ?-tocopherol, oxidative stress,
PROCESS FLOWSHEET OF ENGINEERING TOOL FOR APPLYING BACTERIAL PREPARATION SUSPENSIONS INTO SOIL
There are set out the results of substantiating the process flowsheet of an engineering tool for applying nitrogen-fixing bacterial preparation suspensions into soil, when growing grain crops under conditions of Siberia. The promising processing and engineering solutions on developing the working bacterial preparation suspension and on treating seed material with it, when sowing, have been revealed.
Keywords: suspension, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, bacterial preparations, process flowsheet, engineering tool.
SUBSTANTIATING PARAMETERS OF SWATHER FOR FORMING GRASS SWATHS OF EASY-TO-VENTILATE STRUCTURE
There have been substantiated the basic design parameters of swathing tool for forming easytoventilate spiral grass swaths. There are given the data obtained by computer modeling on investigating drying time for grass swaths of various spatial configurations.
Keywords: swathing, easy-to-ventilate structure, spiral swath, drying time modeling.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY FOR STRUCTURE SYNTHESIS OF OPERATING PRINCIPLES OF THERMAL SIGNAL CONVERTERS
There is described the methodology, techniques and information technology structure for searching novel thermal signal converters to develop phonon computers. There are given the findings of investigations proving the effectiveness of using this technology when developing patentable heat energy converters.
Keywords: thermal computer, thermal signal converter, phonon, physical effects database, structure synthesis.
SECTORAL STRUCTURE OF AGRICULTURE IN KRASNOYARSK TERRITORY: STATE, TRENDS, PROSPECTS
The sectoral structure of agriculture in Krasnoyarsk Territory has been investigated. By means of the system of indicators, the directions, intensity and speed of structural shifts have been determined. The effect of structural changes on sizes of agricultural production has been revealed.
Keywords: Krasnoyarsk Territory, sectoral structure, structural shifts, agricultural production, state regulation.
A.N. OSTRIKOV, F.N. VERTYAKOV
INVESTIGATING CHANGES IN THE RATE OF FRUIT SAUCE EVAPORATION IN VACUUM CHAMBER
There was studied the effect of critical parameters of the fruit sauce evaporation process on the process intensity under two-stage concentration by the method of pressure release and subsequent accumulation of sauce on the vertical heated wall.
Keywords: vacuum chamber, fruit sauce evaporation, sauce-like concentrate, organoleptic indices, thermostating.
O.G. GOROKHOVA, A.P. CHEVYCHELOV, T.S. KOROBKOVA
EFFECT OF FERTILIZERS ON THE C VITAMIN CONTENT IN BLACK CURRANT GROWING IN FROZEN SOIL
There are given the results of study on determining the effect of mineral macro- and trace fertilizers, as well as of humus, on the C vitamin content in the berries of three black currant varieties growing in frozen soil. The statistically significant indices presented show the increase in the ascorbic acid content in the berries of the black currant varieties studied in all fertilized variants of the experiment.
Keywords: frozen soil, black currant, ascorbic acid, mineral fertilizers, humus.