AGRICULTURE AND CHEMICALIZATION
Vlasenko A.N., Sharkov I.N., Shepelev A.G., Samokhvalova L.M., Prozorov A.S. Carbon balance in leached chernozem when using it in various crop rotations in forest-steppe areas near the river Ob
Litvinova V.S. Effect of improving forest-growing properties of sabulous soils on growth of shelterbelt forests
PLANT GROWING AND BREEDING
Goncharov P.L., Goncharova A.V., Likhenko I.E. Plant growing under conditions of permafrost
Chichiginarov V.V. Development of breeding material of spring soft wheat under conditions of Central Yakutia
Grebenshchikov V.Yu. Agroecological aspects of producing quality barley grain under conditions of the Irkutsk Region
Yakovlev V.V., Oleshko V.P. Key problems in fodder production in the Altai Territory and ways of their solution
Osipova G.M., Filippova N.I. Polycross method in breeding of perennial spiked grasses for conditions of West Siberian forest steppe and Northern Kazakhstan steppe
Zamashchikov R.V., Khusnidinov Sh.K., Martemyanova A.A., Shemetov I.I. Symbiotrophic activity of nodule-forming bacteria of perennial legume grasses under conditions of Pre-Baikal areas
Donchenko A.S., Soloshenko V.A., Glotova T.I., Eranov A.M. Lines of reforming animal husbandry in Yakutia
Kozub Yu.A. Dynamics of productivity of cows of different genotypes during lactation in the Irkutsk Region
Tupota S.G., Beloborodova A.A., Pershikova N.L. Use of white mice for increasing isolation of mycobacterial cultures from cattle biomaterial
Domatskaya T.F., Shnaider A.A. Acaricidal mat is an effective means for therapy of honey-bee colonies at varroatosis
AUTOMATION, MODELING AND DATAWARE
Alt V.V., Gurova T.A., Bobrova T.N., Denisyuk S.G. Methodical foundations of developing search databases
Khudonogov I.A., Khudonogova E.G. Infrared radiation as a method for disinfecting crude herbal drug material
Pershukevich P.M., Matveyev I.A., Popova L.R., Shchevyev A.N., Zakharova V.A. Government regulation and support of agriculture in the Utmost North
Kuznetsova O.N. The methods of prime cost calculations in forage production
Gudilin I.I., Dementyeva T.A. Lipid metabolism indices in blood of pigs in different periods of ontogenesis
Vorozheykina N.G., Nezavitin A.G., Zakharov N.B. Quality of raw hide produce obtained from cattle
Karelina L.N., Vlasov B.Ya. Malonatelike effect of fumaric acid at dark stress in broiler chickens
Levchenko M.A. Effectiveness of Delcide for disinfesting animal buildings against flies
OUR HEROES OF THE DAY
Alexander Semenovich Donchenko, Academician of Rosselkhozacademia, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation is 70 years old
The editorial staff congratulates his Editor-in-Chief academician A.S. Donchenko on his jubilee
Towards the 70th birthday of Andrew Artemiyevich Samolovov
Yury Ivanovich Smolyaninov (towards the 60th birthday)
IN COMMEMORATION OF SCIENTIST
Viktor Vasilyevich Yakovlev (1956-2009)
A.N. VLASENKO, I.N. SHARKOV, A.G. SHEPELEV, L.M. SAMOKHVALOVA, A.S. PROZOROV
CARBON BALANCE IN LEACHED CHERNOZEM WHEN USING IT IN VARIOUS CROP ROTATIONS IN FOREST-STEPPE AREAS NEAR THE RIVER OB
There are set out the results of investigating carbon balance and organic matter composition in leached chernozem used in various grain crop rotations under conditions of forest-steppe areas near the river Ob.
Keywords: carbon balance, leached chernozem, plant residues, soil organic matter, humus, crop rotations, bare fallow, full fallow, green fallow.
EFFECT OF IMPROVING FOREST-GROWING PROPERTIES OF SABULOUS SOILS ON GROWTH OF SHELTERBELT FORESTS
There are set out the results of evaluating an effect of organic matter interlayer as humus applied to the depth of 45 cm on taxation parameters and productivity of shelterbelt forests in dry-steppe conditions of Khakassia.
Keywords: shelterbelt forests, sabulous soils, organic matter, humus interlayer, growth, productivity, taxation parameters.
P.L. GONCHAROV, A.V. GONCHAROVA, I.E. LIKHENKO
PLANT GROWING UNDER CONDITIONS OF PERMAFROST
There is given the review of food supply under extreme natural-climatic conditions of Yakutia, of forming and development of agrarian science in the Republic including plant growing and breeding. The stages of breeding work from 1928 are named. The findings of investigations on long-term storing of seeds under conditions of permafrost are shown.
Keywords: plant growing, grain crops, fodder plants, winter hardiness, breeding, permafrost, fungoid diseases, ultra-early-ripening varieties, tillering node, seeds.
DEVELOPMENT OF BREEDING MATERIAL OF SPRING SOFT WHEAT UNDER CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA
There are set out the findings of investigations on developing spring soft wheat varieties adapted to natural-climatic conditions of Central Yakutia. There is shown a possibility to obtain early-ripening and productive varieties of spring soft wheat by the method of intraspecific hybridization and by linear selection.
Keywords: breeding material, spring wheat, climatic parameters, early-ripening specimens, high-producing varieties, drought resistance, adaptation.
AGROECOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF PRODUCING QUALITY BARLEY GRAIN UNDER CONDITIONS OF THE IRKUTSK REGION
Based on the analysis of hydrothermal and soil conditions and on the experimental work on applying mineral fertilizers, there is shown a possibility to produce quality barley grain under conditions of forest-steppe areas in the Irkutsk Region.
Keywords: agroecological aspects, brewer’s barley, grain quality, hydrothermal coefficient, soil-climatic factors, gray forest soils, plant development phases.
V.V. YAKOVLEV, V.P. OLESHKO
KEY PROBLEMS IN FODDER PRODUCTION IN THE ALTAI TERRITORY AND WAYS OF THEIR SOLUTION
The analysis of status of fodder production industry in the Altai Territory is given, problems are revealed, and ways to solve them are suggested.
Keywords: fodder production, fodder crops, perennial and annual grasses, fibrous and succulent feeds, ensilage crops, seed production, grain forage, conservation and storing of feeds.
G.M. OSIPOVA, N.I. FILIPPOVA
POLYCROSS METHOD IN BREEDING OF PERENNIAL SPIKED GRASSES FOR CONDITIONS OF WEST SIBERIAN FOREST STEPPE AND NORTHERN KAZAKHSTAN STEPPE
There are set out the results of applying the polycross method while developing new varieties of smooth bromegrass, crested wheat grass, and Russian wild ryegrass for conditions of West Siberian forest steppe and Northern Kazakhstan steppe. The effectiveness of using the method is shown.
Keywords: perennial spiked grasses, breeding, varieties, heterosis, polycross method, polycross nursery, synthetic population.
R.V. ZAMASHCHIKOV, SH.K. KHUSNIDINOV, A.A. MARTEMYANOVA, I.I. SHEMETOV
SYMBIOTROPHIC ACTIVITY OF NODULE-FORMING BACTERIA OF PERENNIAL LEGUME GRASSES UNDER CONDITIONS OF PRE-BAIKAL AREAS
There are considered the questions being specific for forming of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. There is given the quantitative estimate of symbiotic nitrogen accumulation in agrobiogeocenoses of perennial legume plants of rare occurrence such as eastern galega, Hungarian sainfoin, and lucern, which is a traditional crop to be cultivated in this region.
Keywords: perennial legume plants, root system, symbiotrophic nitrogen, nodule-forming bacteria, agrobiogeocenoses.
A.S. DONCHENKO, V.A. SOLOSHENKO, T.I. GLOTOVA, A.M. ERANOV
LINES OF REFORMING ANIMAL HUSBANDRY IN YAKUTIA
There are presented the main accomplishments in developing animal husbandry in the Republic Sakha (Yakutia) obtained as a result of research cooperation between Yakutia and SO Rosselkhozacademia.
Keywords: animal husbandry, forage production, dairy cattle, beef cattle production, breeding work.
DYNAMICS OF PRODUCTIVITY OF COWS OF DIFFERENT GENOTYPES DURING LACTATION IN THE IRKUTSK REGION
There are set out the findings of investigations on studying the effect of a cow’s genotype on milk productivity during lactation.
Keywords: milk productivity, genotype, lactation, Black-and-White, Holstein hybrids.
S.G. TUPOTA, A.A. BELOBORODOVA, N.L. PERSHIKOVA
USE OF WHITE MICE FOR INCREASING ISOLATION OF MYCOBACTERIAL CULTURES FROM CATTLE BIOMATERIAL
There are set out the results of the experiment on using white mice to isolate cultures of mycobacteria from biomaterial samples. It has been established that these animals, as a laboratory model, further increasing isolation of tuberculosis from cattle biomaterial.
Keywords: white mice, biomaterial, isolation of cultures, mycobacteria of tuberculosis.
T.F. DOMATSKAYA, A.A. SHNAIDER
ACARICIDAL MAT IS AN EFFECTIVE MEANS FOR THERAPY OF HONEY-BEE COLONIES AT VARROATOSIS
There are set out the findings of investigations on applying acaricidal mats when treating varroatosis in honey bees. It has been established that acaricidal mats with fluvalinate are an effective means to control mite numbers in honey-bee colonies.
Keywords: acaricidal mat, honey bees, Varroa destructor mites, varroatosis.
V.V. ALT, T.A. GUROVA, T.N. BOBROVA, S.G. DENISYUK
METHODICAL FOUNDATIONS OF DEVELOPING SEARCH DATABASES
By the example of developing databases on varieties of certain crops and on diseases of animals, it is shown that the methodical basis for forming search databases are information models, systematization of data and knowledge, development of variety classification and description, and choice of software-tool environment.
Keywords: database, systematization of data and knowledge, information model, software-tool environment.
I.A. KHUDONOGOV, E.G. KHUDONOGOVA
INFRARED RADIATION AS A METHOD FOR DISINFECTING CRUDE HERBAL DRUG MATERIAL
There are generalized the findings of investigations on disinfecting crude herbal drug material by means of controlled infrared radiation.
Keywords: disinfection of crude drugs, microbial purity, infrared heating.
P.M. PERSHUKEVICH, I.A. MATVEYEV, L.R. POPOVA, A.N. SHCHEVYEV, V.A. ZAKHAROVA
GOVERNMENT REGULATION AND SUPPORT OF AGRICULTURE IN THE UTMOST NORTH
By the example of the Republic Sakha (Yakutia), there is considered a problem of government regulation and support of agriculture in areas of the Utmost North. The effectiveness of government support is shown, and the measures for improving its mechanism are proposed.
Keywords: Utmost North, government regulation, federal and republican budgets, economic mechanism.
THE METHODS OF PRIME COST CALCULATIONS IN FORAGE PRODUCTION
There is given the methods that allow science-based distributing costs as to types of products obtained, and getting more precise prime cost parameters of perennial grass products.
Keywords: prime cost, calculation, direct costs, coefficient method.
I.I. GUDILIN, T.A. DEMENTYEVA
LIPID METABOLISM INDICES IN BLOOD OF PIGS IN DIFFERENT PERIODS OF ONTOGENESIS
The dynamics of lipid metabolism parameters in pigs during different periods of their life has been studied. The relationship between lipid metabolism indices and productive qualities of pigs has been established.
Keywords: Kemerovskaya breed of pigs, lipid metabolism, ontogenesis.
N.G. VOROZHEYKINA, A.G. NEZAVITIN, N.B. ZAKHAROV
QUALITY OF RAW HIDE PRODUCE OBTAINED FROM CATTLE
Raw hide quality indices in Hereford bulls and Holstein x Black-and-White hybrids reared under various feeding and keeping conditions are given. It has been established that raw hides of the highest quality are produced by Hereford animals kept on open-air feeding sites.
Keywords: raw hide produce, quality of hides, Hereford, Holstein, Black-and-White hybrids.
L.N. KARELINA, B.YA. VLASOV
MALONATELIKE EFFECT OF FUMARIC ACID AT DARK STRESS IN BROILER CHICKENS
There are set out the findings of model studies and experiments carried out on broiler chickens affected by dark stress. It has been established that fumaric acid is able to inhibit the succinatedehydrogenase activity while added it into feed for young poultry.
Keywords: broiler chickens, malonatelike effect, fumaric acid, succinatedehydrogenase activity.
EFFECTIVENESS OF DELCIDE FOR DISINFESTING ANIMAL BUILDINGS AGAINST FLIES
There are given the results of testing the insecticidal and larvicidal activity of the preparation Delcide in the laboratory and working environment. The constant effective and rational concentrations and doses have been determined to disinfest various surfaces of animal buildings.
Keywords: Delcide, disinfestation, animal buildings, absorbent and non-absorbent surfaces, flies, larvae.